By John Norris
The German 88 mm was once by way of a long way the main recognized and flexible artillery weapon of global struggle II. It was once first used as an anti-aircraft weapon through the Condor Legion throughout the Spanish Civil battle and observed extra provider within the German invasions of Poland and France, the place it was once first utilized in its anti-tank position. This function was once relatively profitable and the 88 grew to become feared through tank crews from North Africa to Russia. except those major roles the 88 mm was once used because the major weapon on late-war German tanks, as a self-propelled gun, or even as an aerial weapon. This booklet covers a lot of these variations, explaining their layout, improvement and operational use.
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Extra resources for 88 mm FlaK 18/36/37/41 and PaK 43 1936-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 46)
Another fifty-three planes were heavily damaged. Though reconnaissance flights confirmed that the damage to Ploesti was significant, it was a costly victory. Allied bombers would continue hitting Ploesti over and over again until August 19, 1944. Every bomber that left from an Allied base to bomb Ploesti carried up to a dozen young men like Clare Musgrove. Some of them would die before they ever reached their target, many would die as they reached the target and met withering antiaircraft fire and attacks from German fighter planes, and others would make it through the worst of the fighting only to find themselves in a crippled, rapidly dying airplane that would not make it back to base.
And because Musgrove was a floater who flew with whatever crew needed him, he was the only member of this crew that had not flown with the others on previous missions. He was welcomed and the rest of the crew were glad to have a talented gunner onboard, but Musgrove knew he was not part of this plane’s tight-knit brotherhood, a bond that forms naturally when men fly into danger together over and over. This crew had been in Italy for only a short time, and they were going out on their third mission.
One of four children, Musgrove had spent much of his childhood helping his grandparents on their small, twenty-five-cow dairy farm and graduated from high school in 1937. He then went to a local community college and spent four years teaching in rural schools, which he enjoyed but knew he would not make his life’s work. Instead, Musgrove looked to the military for a better career, one that might offer more adventure than he saw in central Michigan. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Musgrove knew his path was clear.
88 mm FlaK 18/36/37/41 and PaK 43 1936-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 46) by John Norris