By Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein
The "Tibetan Question," the character of Tibet's political prestige vis-?-vis China, has been the topic of usually bitterly competing perspectives whereas the proof of the difficulty haven't been totally obtainable to observers. whereas one faction has argued that Tibet used to be, normally, traditionally autonomous till it was once conquered through the chinese language Communists in 1951 and integrated into the recent chinese language kingdom, the opposite faction perspectives Tibet as a standard a part of China that cut up away on the instigation of the British after the autumn of the Manchu Dynasty and used to be later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. by contrast, this complete examine of contemporary Tibetan background offers an in depth, non-partisan account of the loss of life of the Lamaist state.Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic files; first-hand-historical debts written by way of Tibetan individuals; and large interviews with former Tibetan officers, monastic leaders, squaddies, and investors, Goldstein meticulously examines what occurred and why. He balances the normal specialize in diplomacy with an cutting edge emphasis at the complicated net of inner affairs and occasions that produced the autumn of Tibet. students and scholars of Asian historical past will locate this paintings a useful source and readers will get pleasure from the transparent clarification of hugely polemicized, and infrequently complicated, historic occasions.
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Additional info for A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State
Thus, for Tibetans, the Dalai Lama and the Manchu emperor stood respectively as spiritual teacher and lay patron rather than subject and lord. Whatever the tenuous nature of Tibet-Chinese relations before the twentieth century, three events in the first eleven years of this century  Ahmad (1960), Petech (1950), Shakabpa (1967), and Zhwa sgab pa (Shakabpa) (1976) present excellent accounts of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.  Shakabpa 1967: 172.  In 1793, the Manchu emperor decreed that the selection of the Dalai Lama and other high lamas such as the Panchen Lama was to be made by means of a lottery administered by the amban in Lhasa.
42 ― later. He took over the reins of government in 1895 and was the dominant figure in Tibetan political history until his death in 1933. He is known as the "Great 13th" by Tibetans, because he came to exercise extraordinary power and because he led Tibet out of the sphere of Chinese influence. His reign, however, was tumultuous. During his early years he experienced both external and internal threats to his authority, and these had a lasting effect on his view of the nature of the Tibetan state.
They could even criticize or fine the abbots and could not be either withdrawn or punished during their term.  They had nothing to do with economic affairs. The main economic managers for the monastery as a whole were the two chiso . One of these was always appointed from Loseling college and the other from Gomang college. Each served a ten-year term and together they were in charge of the revenue and estates (with serfs). Another powerful official in Drepung was the photrang depa . He functioned as the liaison with the central government and was responsible for all the government's property in the monastery.
A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State by Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein