By Trevor Ling
The non secular traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the identify, are often considered as being in sharp distinction with one another, the single 'mystical', the opposite 'prophetic'. every time their religions will not be so contrasted they're often handled in isolation from one another: the faith of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, besides the fact that, stresses that there's significant overlap and interpenetration among the 2 varieties and components, and that it is very important see the ancient inter-relation among those religions and to monitor how, in the course of given sessions of historical past, there are parallel advancements or major divergences. He covers the interval 1500 B.C. to the current time, offering an overview of the advance of Asian and ecu spiritual traditions and associations, and discussing the social and fiscal components keen on the improvement of religous traditions, even supposing he indicates that such elements on my own don't account for the non secular lifetime of guy. Dr Ling is going directly to interpret the modern importance of those religions and their power for the long run lifetime of humanity. He means that the current level of non secular strengthen is characterized by way of open-endedness in the direction of the long run; no longer all religions convey this personality, yet none has but exhausted the probabilities of improvement. This ebook is meant to be used an an advent to the research of faith. even supposing reference is made within the textual content to resources of additional info, the e-book can be utilized regardless of them.
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Additional info for A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation
32 The Dravidians and the notion of karma Another thoroughly characteristic feature of Indian religious belief is that of karma. By this is meant a law of moral cause and effect which operates automatically and externally throughout the whole universe. It is in its relation to human beings, however, that the significance of this notion comes out most clearly, and provides one of the major factors in the development oflndian religious ideas.
At the annual festival the king personally played the chief role in the ritual which was held to be a re-enactment of the creation drama related in the myth. The common features of this festival were therefore: 1. A drama representing the death and resurrection of the deity 2. A recapitulation of the creation story 3. A ritual combat, or mimic battle, m which the god-king overthrew his enemies 4. The celebration of a sacred marriage between the deity and the land 5. A triumphal procession of the victorious god-king This was the climax of the festival, and often took the form of the enthronement of the king.
2. The Mari Texts. These relate to a period probably just after that referred to in the Execration Texts. 11), at that time a powerful state; the texts provide 16 Nomads, Peasants and Kings valuable evidence of the international Near Eastern culture of the period (Bright, 1959; 50£). 3. The El Amarna tablets. C. They began to be discovered in 1887 in a mound, or tell, at El Amarna in upper Egypt, where there was once a palace of one of the Pharaohs. Their value lies in the fact that they consist of items of imperial correspondence in the international script and language of the time, namely Babylonian, and throw considerable light.
A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation by Trevor Ling