By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is being reissued. This quantity bargains thoroughly with the 1st campaign and the root of the dominion of Jerusalem. As Runciman says in his preface: 'Whether we regard the Crusades because the such a lot great and so much romantic of Christian adventures, or because the final of the barbarian invasions, they shape a valuable truth in medieval historical past. sooner than their inception the centre of our civilization was once put in Byzantium and within the lands of the Arab caliphate. prior to they pale out the hegemony in civilization had handed to western Europe. Out of this transference smooth historical past was once born.'
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
XLVI, col. 1009). G. vol. xux, col. 69), but elsewhere he wishes that his duties allowed him to be a pilgrim (In Ephesianos vm, 2, ibid. vol. s7). 2 See p. 38 n. 1. 3 Couret, La Palestine sous les Empereurs grecs, p. 212. D. 395-565), vol. I, pp. 225-31. G. vol. CXLVI, col. 1061, for Eudocia's relic-hunting. 40 The Value of Relics be able to work miracles. 1 Men and women would now travel far to see a holy relic. Still more, they would try to acquire one, to take it home and to set it in their local sanctuary.
The Emperor endorsed her discovery by building there a church, which through all its vicissitudes has remained the chief sanctuary of Christendom, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. 1 At once a stream of pilgrims began to flow to the scene of Helena' s labours. We cannot tell their numbers; for most of them left no record of their journey. l Soon afterwards we fmd the description of a tour made by an indefatigable lady known sometimes as Aetheria and sometimes as Saint Silvia of Aquitaine) Towards the close of the century one of the great Fathers of Latin Christendom, Saint Jerome, settled in Palestine and drew after him the circle of rich and fashionable women that had sat at his feet in Italy.
The Arabs, wiser than the Persians, soon built a fleet, based on Alexandria, that wrested from the Byzantines their most valuable asset, the command of the seas. On land they were to retain the offensive for nearly three centuries. It seemed pointless to hope for rescue from the princes of Christendom. Nor would such rescue have been welcomed by the heretic sects. To them the change of rulers had brought relief and pleasure. The Jacobite Patriarch of Antioch, Michael the Syrian, writing five centuries later, in the days of the Latin kingdoms, reflected the old tradition of his people when he told that 'the God of vengeance, who alone is the Almighty ...
A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem by Steven Runciman