By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)
Ernoul's Account of Palestine," trans. C. R. Conder, PPTS, VI-2 (London, 1896), 58. 129. Ambrose, p. 131; Urban T. Holmes, "Gerald the Naturalist," Speculum, XI (1936), llS-116. Fulcher of Chartres (lrans. Ryan, p. 300) discusses primitive antidotes. 130. Ambrose, p. 128. 131. Fulcher of Chartres, trans. Ryan, p. 218. 20 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV were covered with rugs. Censers with burning incense would be set in the streets and silk curtains hung before the houses;132 rugs and incense were common commodities in the Near East.
Theoderic, pp. 71-72; "Eracles" (manuscrit de RoUtelin), RHC, Occ.. )," trans. J. R. MacPherson, PPTS, V·l (London, 1896), 51·52. 77. Phocas, p. 9; "Assises de Jerusalem," II, 458. 78. lbn-Jubair, pp. 319·320. 14 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV as that at Acre. On the land side, there was a fine suburb where glass and clay pots were manufactured. 19 Vineyards, gardens, fruit trees, and grain fields extended far on that side of the town. 80 The strange sect known as the Assassins had their territory not far distant, and many beduins were to be seen pasturing their flocks in the great plain.
63 We may assume that the castles and the larger. houses were properly provided with indoor latrines. Sometimes this may. have been a mere gesture towards sanitation, because where a pit was impracticable such a latrine would lead no further than to open ground at the base of the ~ouse or castle wall. But Chateau Gaillard in Normandy, which Richard built to eastern specifications, had a double latrine pit, through which Philip Augustus was able to send invaders on that fateful night in 1204. In contemporary illustrations for Cantigas 17 and 34 of Alfonso X, which show a similar Christian and Arab mixed civilization, there are representations of a latrine seat- a circular hole in a slightly slanting board.
A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States) by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard