A Region in Turmoil: South Asian Conflicts since 1947 by Rob Johnson PDF

By Rob Johnson

ISBN-10: 1861892578

ISBN-13: 9781861892577

South Asia has been the environment for a few of the century's so much violent invasions, the Western world's bloodiest defeats, and a risky geopolitical brew of religions, ethnicities, and nationalism that sends unsettling ripples in the course of the international stability of energy even this present day. Rob Johnson writes right here the engrossing background of the person conflicts that experience engulfed the states of South Asia over the past part century. A quarter in Turmoil bargains a brand new standpoint at the zone, drawing jointly the conflicts of South Asia and studying them in neighborhood and international contexts, from the tip of the Western colonial empires via present day worldwide efforts to strive against terrorism. Johnson's incisive research breaks down the historic and political roots of the conflicts and departs from conventional Western-centric paradigms to bare heretofore neglected South Asian viewpoints at the conflicts and connections one of the wars. He probes the factors, contexts, and conclusions of the conflicts, starting from the long-lasting insurgency in Myanmar to the fight of the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka, the unrest within the Punjab and Assam states, the Bangladeshi struggle of independence, and the intractable struggles in Kashmir and Afghanistan. The twenty-first century opened with South Asia entrance and middle on a turbulent political level: the zone isn't just the exact frontline for the ''war on terror'' but in addition domestic to the most recent nuclear powers, India and Pakistan. A sector in Turmoil addresses this severe modern quandary with a useful research of the quarter and its complicated historical past, making it crucial examining for historians, policymakers, and a person who reads front web page of the day-by-day newspaper.

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Fearing yet more political bickering and the secession of East Pakistan, Yahya suspended the assembly. This only provoked a general strike in East Pakistan. When the army went in, it initially crushed the unarmed opposition, but, as 10 million civilians fled the fighting into India, thousands of young Bengali men joined resistance groups. Soon the regular Pakistan Army found itself bogged down in a bloody guerrilla war. India intervened, and a general war broke out along the borders of both East and West Pakistan.

Behind the violence, the JVP coordinated a series of strikes and political murders. The government, led by Ranasinghe Premadasa, tried to persuade the JVP to rejoin the political process and abandon its campaign, but it failed. Once again, force was applied. Premadasa unleashed paramilitary squads that killed JVP terror suspects and unceremoniously dumped their bodies. The reign of terror lasted three years and claimed the lives of 30,000 people. The Sri Lankan government swung between political concessions and military operations to find a solution, but neither brought the terrorism to an end for long.

This generated unforeseen consequences. Many Sufis played a crucial role in demanding a restoration of democracy. As a result, Pakistan still threatened to tear itself apart on the issue of national and religious identity. 4 'Islam in danger' is still the rallying cry of the Muslim League, and, after the setbacks of 1971, the traditionalists have continually advocated the supremacy of their atavistic programme over the modernists. In December 1979 Pakistan was suddenly thrust into the frontline of the Cold War by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and the United States began sending generous shipments of arms to bolster Pakistan, which in turn assisted the Mujahideen and helped pay for the four million refugees who flooded across the North-West Frontier.

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A Region in Turmoil: South Asian Conflicts since 1947 by Rob Johnson

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