By Chris Chant, Mark Rolfe
In August 1990 Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces invaded and occupied the small Arab kingdom of Kuwait. This ebook analyses the consequent Gulf battle (16 January - 28 February 1991) - a warfare fought to expel Iraq and restoration Kuwaiti independence if now not, as one British MP tartly saw, to protect democracy. The allies below normal Schwarzkopf introduced 5 weeks of air assaults, deploying 1,800 technologically hugely complex airplane from the U.S., British, French and Saudi air forces. a lot of those machines, together with the British Tornadoes and US F-117A Stealth combatants, had by no means prior to engaged in strive against, and their mixed attack, watched by means of thousands on television, mixed awesome accuracy with firepower to which the Iraqi forces had no resolution.
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Extra resources for Air War in the Gulf 1991
Since the spring of 1970, when, in the framework of “Operation Kavkaz” a Soviet air-defense division arrived in Egypt to assist in defending the country against the IAF raids, critical segments of their air defense system had been manned by Soviet personnel. 27 The equipment operated by the Soviets was of the most advanced type—systems such as the SA-3 and SA-6—which proved to be the most effective means against the Israeli planes. Following the July 1972 expulsion of the Soviet personnel from Egypt, Egyptian soldiers—some of whom had been under training in the USSR for more than two years—started operating the SA-3 systems that the Soviets left behind.
Some of the most typical messages in this framework involved the following: • Tahrir 41 will be over on October 7. 17 • The Egyptian media reported on the demobilization of reserve soldiers that were mobilized on September 27, but only 20,000 went home. 19 • The creation of a routine activity atmosphere along the front line was achieved by special groups of soldiers (nicknamed by the Israelis the “lazy ones”) who used to walk near the canal without weapons, half dressed, swimming in the water and ﬁshing.
Following tests conducted by Israeli psychologists on Egyptian POWs from the 1967 war, IDF experts concluded that since 1956 the level of competence of Egyptian ofﬁcers had declined and that 60 percent of them would not have passed the IDF ofﬁcers’ tests. Such ﬁndings led Chaim Bar-Lev to conclude in late 1970: “The Arab soldier lacks the necessary qualities for modern war. ”12 Four additional factors added to the Israeli sense of self assurance. One concerned the territorial dimension. The 1967 war moved Arab armies away from Israel’s hinterland, putting, instead, the capitals of Syria, Jordan, and Egypt under the threat of the IDF air and ground forces.
Air War in the Gulf 1991 by Chris Chant, Mark Rolfe