New PDF release: Altruism in Cross-Cultural Perspective

By Juris G. Draguns (auth.), Douglas A. Vakoch (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461469511

ISBN-13: 9781461469513

ISBN-10: 146146952X

ISBN-13: 9781461469520

Altruism in Cross-Cultural viewpoint offers this type of scholarly evaluate, reading the intersection of tradition and such subject matters as evolutionary bills of altruism and the significance of altruism in ritual and faith. ​​The earlier decade has visible a proliferation of analysis on altruism, made attainable partly by way of major investment from agencies resembling the loo Templeton starting place. whereas major learn has been performed on organic, social, and person dimensions of altruism, there was no try and offer an summary of the ways in which altruistic habit and attitudes range throughout cultures. The publication addresses the methodological demanding situations of learning altruism throughout cultures, in addition to the ways in which altruism is occur in tricky situations. a selected power of the ebook is its consciousness to a number of disciplinary methods to figuring out altruism, with individuals from fields together with psychology, anthropology, sociology, biology, communique, philosophy, non secular reviews, gender experiences, and bioethics.​

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1 for an overview of the variables and composites that result from grouping them as described below. The first composite simply involved instances of helping and/or sharing. 1 Composite definitions of altruism Helping/sharing Cost Concern for other Benefit for other Empathy Internal and external ease of escape Liberal composite Yes Initiator focus Yes Yes Yes Recipient focus Yes Yes Yes Altruistically loving behavior Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No additional stipulations were added to these types of acts, which should render this the most liberal composite of altruism.

404). Among the Tiv, for example, “the whole population of some 800,000 traces descent by traditional genealogical links from a single founding ancestor” (Evans-Pritchard, 1951, p. 29; Keesing, 1975, pp. 32–33). While traditions that dictate the use of descent names make it possible to identify large numbers of individuals as kin, the mere identification of kin is not sufficient to account for altruism toward individuals identified as kin. Other traditions that encourage altruism toward kin are necessary to produce the altruistic social relationships that form these individual kin into networks commonly called a society (Coe, 2003; Palmer & Steadman, 1997).

2004). The parental acceptance-rejection syndrome. American Psychologist, 59, 830–849. Royzman, E. & Kumar, B. (2001). On the relative preponderance of empathetic sorrow and its relation to commonsense morality. New Ideas in Psychology, 19, 131–144. Rushton, J. R. (1984). The altruistic personality: Evidence from laboratory, naturalistic, and selfreport. In E. Staub, D. Bar-Tal, J. Karylowski, & J. ), The development and maintenance of prosocial behavior: International perspectives on positive morality (pp.

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Altruism in Cross-Cultural Perspective by Juris G. Draguns (auth.), Douglas A. Vakoch (eds.)

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