By Robin Le Poidevin
In Arguing for Atheism , Robin Le Poidevin addresses the query of even if theism - the view that there's a own, transcendent author of the universe - solves the inner most mysteries of lifestyles. Philosophical defences of theism have usually been in line with the concept that it explains issues which atheistic techniques can't: for instance, why the universe exists, and the way there will be target ethical values. the most competition of Arguing for Atheism is that the opposite is right: that during truth theism fails to provide an explanation for many stuff it claims to. Such an interpretation has been argued for lately by means of 'radical theologians'; Arguing for Atheism is accordingly, a philosophical contribution to at least one of the major spiritual problems with our occasions. Designed as a textual content for collage classes within the philosophy of faith and metaphysics, this book's available type and diverse factors of vital philosophical thoughts and positions also will make it beautiful to the overall reader.
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Extra info for Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion
We may conceive of an event without conceiving of its cause, they will say, but this is not to conceive of an event which has no cause. There is, however, another objection to this suggestion, which I shall present later. 12 The limits of theistic explanation What, finally, of the third suggestion? This was that we know that things that begin to exist have causes because we inductively infer it from observation. Here is an example of a—not very safe—inductive inference. 20 train from Oxenholme to Windermere has been late four days running, and infer from this that this service is always late.
It is, perhaps, surprising that the two arguments come to such different conclusions, given that they have the same first premise, and that the second premise of one does not seem to conflict with the second premise of the other. In fact, (2) and (2a) do conflict, but only on the assumption that the first premise is correct. In other words, (1), (2) and (2a) cannot all be true together: they form an inconsistent set. But if all necessary truths are analytic, then both (2) and (2a) are true. Therefore, we must either reject the identification of necessary truth with analytic truth, or reject the first premise.
The point of restating the argument in these terms is that it enables us to state our objection more simply, by avoiding (at least explicit) talk of representations and their objects. Is God necessary? 23 Suppose, instead of saying ‘God exists at least in our minds’, or ‘We have an idea of God’, we say ‘God exists at least in some possible world’. And instead of defining God as ‘That than which nothing greater can be conceived’, we define him as ‘That which is greater than any other object in any possible world’.
Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion by Robin Le Poidevin