By Max Hastings
Armageddon is the epic tale of the final 8 months of global struggle II in Europe by means of Max Hastings–one of Britain’s so much very hot army historians, whose money owed of previous battles John Keegan has defined as useful “to stand with that of the easiest newshounds and writers” (New York instances booklet Review).
In September 1944, the Allies believed that Hitler’s military was once crushed, and anticipated that the warfare will be over through Christmas. however the disastrous Allied airborne touchdown in Holland, American setbacks at the German border and within the Hürtgen woodland, including the sour conflict of the Bulge, tremendously altered that timetable. Hastings tells the tale of either the jap and Western Fronts, and paints a brilliant portrait of the pink Army’s onslaught on Hitler’s empire. He has searched the documents of the foremost opponents and interviewed a hundred and seventy survivors to offer us an unheard of realizing of the way the good battles have been fought, and in their human impression on American, British, German, and Russian squaddies and civilians.
Hastings increases provocative questions: have been the Western Allied reason and crusade compromised via a wish to get the Soviets to do lots of the scuffling with? Why have been the Russians and Germans more desirable squaddies than the american citizens and British? Why did the bombing of Germany’s towns proceed till the final weeks of the conflict, whilst it could actually now not impact the result? Why did the Germans end up extra fanatical foes than the japanese, struggling with to the sour finish? This e-book additionally comprises vibrant photos of Stalin, Churchill, Eisenhower, Montgomery, and the opposite giants of the fight.
The the most important ultimate months of the 20 th century’s maximum worldwide clash come alive during this rousing and revelatory chronicle.
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Additional info for Armageddon: The Battle for Germany, 1944–1945
The fleets met south of the eastern tip of Crete on March 28. As the opposing cruisers clashed, Vittorio Veneto came to full speed and engaged with her 15-inch guns at 25,000 yards. The battleship fired 92 shells with no success. However, before the weight of her salvos could be fully felt, six British torpedo bombers attacked her. No hits were scored, but the Italians reversed course. A second wave of carrier torpedo bombers later launched a well-executed attack from both sides of Vittorio Veneto and placed a single torpedo aft on her port side, which put the port shafts out of action and caused severe flooding.
After being interned at Malta, both ships were moved to Lake Amaro (Great Bitter Lake) at the southern end of the Suez Canal in 1944. There they remained in internment until February 1946 when Vittorio Veneto was returned to Italy. She was ceded to Great Britain by the terms of the peace treaty with Italy but was returned to Italy for scrapping, which occurred from 1948 to 1950. Littorio was ceded to the US, but also returned to Italy before being scrapped at La Spezia. Vittorio Veneto Class 30 Displacement Standard Full load 40,516 tons 45,029 tons Dimensions Length (overall) Beam Draft 780 feet 108 feet 1 inch 34 feet 4 inches Speed 29 knots at full load displacement Range 3,966 (Vittorio Veneto) or 4,161 (Littorio) tons of oil provided a range of 4,700nm at 14 kts Crew 78–82 officers and 1,750–1,760 enlisted, more if acting as ﬂeet ﬂagship; Roma 85 officers, 1780–1800 enlisted, when sunk total crew was 1,948 Roma entered service in November 1942, but was never deployed operationally.
This force was covering a convoy en route to Benghazi. Once this convoy was deemed to be safe, the Italian battle fleet made course to engage the British Mediterranean Fleet with three battleships, one carrier and five light cruisers, and 16 destroyers. The action commenced at 1520 hours under perfect weather conditions. At 1552 Cesare’s guns opened up at 29,000 yards at British battleship Warspite. A minute later, Warspite returned fire at 26,000 yards. E 32 CAVOUR CLASS BATTLESHIP CESARE DURING THE BATTLE OF PUNTO STILO When the Italians entered the war, only the two Cavour class battleships were ready for action.
Armageddon: The Battle for Germany, 1944–1945 by Max Hastings