By Keith Krause
This ebook analyzes the underlying constitution and dynamic forces that experience formed the foreign alternate in hands from the improvement of army applied sciences within the 15th and 16th centuries to the twentieth-century revolutions in weaponry. the writer discusses the political, fiscal and army motivations that force states to provide and export fingers, and examines the several ways that states reply to those motivations. by means of concentrating on the approaches of technological innovation and diffusion he's in a position to cartoon an evolutionary photo of the diffusion of recent army expertise, and position the present palms exchange in historic viewpoint.
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Extra resources for Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade
40 Delineating what these thresholds are and where they may be located is a primary task of what follows. An equally large gap should exist between states able to adapt weapons and those that have successfully captured the process of innovation itself, and here the problems of technological diffusion and innovation become linked. Technological innovation also requires available basic knowledge (experts and methods) and a social, cultural and political environment that discriminates in favour of the innovator.
The economic dimension of arms production is also not a one-way street. An arms industry not only depends on a particular level of industrial development to succeed, but in turn can be regarded as a potential catalyst or leading sector for industrialisation, capable of stimulating economic development through its backward and forward linkages. As Clive Trebilcock, in his study of nineteenth-century European arms industries, put it: if a high-quality armament sector could produce a battery of stimulating effects within an advanced manufacturing economy .
27 It is beyond the scope of this book to try to break the Gordian knot of cause and effect, but one of my theses is that although a distinctively modern military industrial complex can be identified, a much greater continuity in its evolution is evident when one examines the links between state power and the earlier stages of military innovation. Although direct state support may not have been provided to innovation, it is an oversimplification to argue that 'knowledge (construed either as pure or applied science, or an industrial network, or as the content of education) .
Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade by Keith Krause